One area of the Expanded Core Curriculum is Orientation and Mobility. "Orientation" refers to the ability to know where you are and where you want to go, whether you're moving from one room to another or walking downtown for a shopping trip."Mobility" refers to the ability to move safely, efficiently, and effectively from one place to another, such as being able to walk without tripping or falling, cross streets, and use public transportation. (, 2017)

The ability to move and the confidence to move are also key to all learning since we learn through doing.  Skills that are included in orientation include:

  • knowing various body parts,
  • knowing where various things in your environment are relative to your body 
  • learning concepts like up, down, under, over, around, behind, in front of, etc.
  • learning how to move parts of your body or all of your body to get to various places and things in your environment
  • utilizing all your senses to know where you are and where you want to go (visual clues, auditory cues, tactile landmarks, etc.)
  • learning how to use adapted devices like travel canes or wheelchairs to travel
  • being able to ask for help to get where you want to go

Active Learning focuses on movement skills, sensory skills, language concepts and communication, making choices, self-advocacy and independent living skills.  All of these skills are needed for safe and efficient movement and travel.

Here are some ideas related to Orientation and Mobility and Active Learning: